Tuesday, January 17, 2012
Jewish chronology of the Torah period
3760 BCE Adam & Eve created
c. 2500 BCE period of "mighty men that were of old, the men of renown" Genesis 6:4
Tuval-cain was the first man to work with iron (Genesis 4:22). According to Jewish tradition he was the brother in law of Noah who, according to Jewish tradition, was born in 2704 BCE.
2102 BCE The Flood
1765 BCE The Dispersion
1313 BCE Exodus from Egypt, Revelation at Mt Sinai
1272 BCE Joshua leads Jews into Israel
Gentile chronology of the Torah period
3300 BCE Bronze Age begins in the Middle East
3200 BCE writing begins in Egypt and Sumer
2600-2400 BCE Stonehenge constructed
2540-2560 BCE Giza Pyramid constructed
2500 BCE the earliest iron tools are smelted
c. 2200 BCE A severe climatic event causes a cultural upheaval. It is very likely to have caused the collapse of the Old Kingdom in Egypt as well as the Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia.
c. 1700 BCE the written history of China begins
c. 1700 BCE Vedic culture begins in India
1550 BCE Jericho destroyed
1206 BCE the entire eastern Mediterranean area is mysteriously, suddenly destroyed (approximately corresponding to the time of the Ten Plagues in 1313 BCE)
1200 BCE Hazor destroyed
1200 BCE Egyptian inscription mentions Israel
1200 BCE Israelite highland settlements established
c. 1100 BCE oldest Hebrew inscription
Broadly, there is an agreement between archeology and the Torah and relatively minor differences I believe can be attributed to the inaccuracy of current archaeological knowledge. If the Torah was indeed fabricated by Ezra the Scribe as atheists believe, then he really made some lucky guesses. In contrast, the Book of Mormon for example is entirely baseless archeologically.
Regarding the prehistoric era, prior to the Bronze Age, the Torah is silent, however I have a theory about that.
Posted by jewish philosopher at 1:46 PM